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Billige Toms Sko
Billige Toms Sko The role of women in Buddhism has also aroused national-level debate.
Billige Toms Sko The Sangha council has urged the government to ban Sri Lankan clergy from coming into the country following what Dhammananda calls a "rebel ordination" in Thailand of eight bhikkhunis last November by Sri Lankans. That drew broad criticism of the council itself.
"The clergy can no longer insist on operating in a closed,Billige Toms Sko feudal system that violates universal norms and values," said an editorial in the English-language Bangkok Post. Instead of trying to crush women's aspirations, it said the "clergy should concentrate on cleaning up its own house to restore declining public faith."
No scandal has emerged among Thailand's female clergy.Billige Toms Sko Dhammananda said she has seen no misbehavior in her monastery beyond a few nuns who had used their mobile telephones to excess.
Billige Toms Sko "I think that many nuns see themselves as exemplary. They are, and they're carving a new role for themselves that didn't exist," said Juliane Schober, an expert on Southeast Asian Buddhism at Arizona State University. "That that puts pressure on the Sangha doesn't surprise me."
Women clergy interviewed at Billige Toms Sko three monasteries said it was essential to maintain a high moral ground so as not to give opponents an excuse to stop their movement. Some cast them as Western-educated feminists out to undermine traditional Buddhism.
"They can be a force for change in Buddhism,"Billige Toms Sko said Phramaha Boonchuay Doojai, a leading activist monk at Chiang Mai Buddhist College.
"If everything is in the hands of men,Billige Toms Sko it is as if Buddhism was just the way of a father, not mother. But you need both," he said. "Mothers have some unique feelings that men do not share. They may have more loving kindness."
Billige Toms Sko Proponents of ordination like Boonchuay say bhikkhunis originated with Buddha himself; the first was an aunt who raised him. Opponents argue that the lineage of the Theravada bhikkhuni order, under which women could be ordained, died out long ago and cannot be restored. The Mahayana branch of Buddhism practiced in East Asia has historically ordained women.
"We simply follow the rules.Billige Toms Sko The ordination of female monks was allowed in the Lord Buddha's time. But as time passed, the lineage of bhikkhuni disappeared," Phra Tepvisutthikawee of the Buddhism Protection Center has said.
Despite conservative opposition,Billige Toms Sko bhikkhunis are gaining ground with the general public in Thailand.
"It is a movement now.Billige Toms Sko When I was struggling by myself it was just this crazy woman who wanted to be a monk," says Dhammananda, who was ordained in 2003. "Now people don't feel strange when they see a female monk in the streets. We don't have problems with people, with society."
Billige Toms Sko Aside from spiritual pursuits, the 15 monastics at her Songdhammakalyani Monastery visit prisoners, aid the poor and infirm and maintain other links with the surrounding community near Nakhon Pathom in central Thailand. Regularly they make alms rounds, a timeless tradition of food offerings by the faithful who are then blessed by the monks.
To the north,Billige Toms Sko in the shadows of the country's highest mountain, hundreds of civil servants, businessmen, villagers and others regularly flock to an idyllic monastery to hear talks by Venerable Nandanyani, a bhikkhuni and onetime mathematician. Families attend a weekend religion "camp" on the monastery grounds. A bhikkhuni leads a group of men and women in the slow motions of walking meditation.
Seated below a statue of the Buddha, the abbess energetically explains why ordination of women is vital,Billige Toms Sko punctuating her words with thumbs-up gestures. It enables individuals to probe Buddhism's depths and live the full monastic life, she says, and also allows intimate communication between female clergy and laywomen unhindered by the barriers of sex and traditional propriety between women and monks.
"We must wait," she says.Billige Toms Sko "Slowly but surely it will come."
Billige Toms Sko